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One week after being convicted on three counts of sexual assault, Bill Cosby has been expelled from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences along with Roman Polanski, a director who plead guilty to to statutory rape in 1977.

The Academy of Motion Pictures, the organization behind the Oscars, released a statement on Thursday saying its board of governors met on May 1 and voted to expel Cosby and Polanski “in accordance with the organization’s Standards of Conduct.”

“The Board continues to encourage ethical standards that require members to uphold the Academy’s values of respect for human dignity,” the statement read.

According to the Hollywood Reporter, the academy adopted “a new procedure for enforcing a Standards of Conduct” late last year after producer Harvey Weinstein was expelled following sexual assault and abuse allegations.

Only four people have ever been expelled from the academy: Cosby, Polanski, Weinstein and Carmine Caridi, an actor who was expelled in 2004 for sharing screeners.

Polanski’s film career continued after he pleaded guilty to raping a 13-year-old girl when he was 44, though he has not lived in the United States since 1979. The director fled to France before his sentencing hearing, escaping multiple extradition attempts. He defended himself publicly:

“If I had killed somebody, it wouldn’t have had so much appeal to the press, you see?” Polanski said, according to the Telegraph. “But … f—ing, you see, and the young girls. Judges want to f— young girls. Juries want to f— young girls. Everyone wants to f— young girls!”

In 2003, he won the Oscar for best director for “The Pianist.”

Although Cosby was mostly known as a TV star, he appeared in movies, such as “Aesop’s Fables” and “The Meteor Man.” The comedian is accused of drugging and raping dozens of women.

Before the academy announced his expulsion this week, Camille Cosby, the comedian’s wife, defended him on Facebook: “In the case of Bill Cosby, unproven accusations evolved into lynch mobs,” she wrote.

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