Argentina’s Senate cast a historic vote early Wednesday: Lawmakers approved legislation that legalizes elective abortion, making Argentina the largest country in Latin America to do so.

On Tuesday, the bill went up for debate in the Argentine Senate. Earlier this month, the legislation, which makes abortion legal during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy, was handily approved by Argentina’s House of Deputies. Previously, abortion has been legally allowed in Argentina only in instances of incest, rape or to save the life of the mother. In Cuba, Guyana, Uruguay and parts of Mexico, elective abortion is legal.

While lawmakers debated the legislation, the country itself has been torn over the issue. Argentina is predominantly Roman Catholic — it is both the birthplace of Pope Francis and home to a growing feminist movement.

Below you’ll find images of activists on both sides before and after the Senate vote.

Demonstrators attend an antiabortion rally as senators debate an abortion bill in Buenos Aires on Dec. 29. (Matias Baglietto/Reuters)
Demonstrators attend an antiabortion rally as senators debate an abortion bill in Buenos Aires on Dec. 29. (Matias Baglietto/Reuters)
Abortion rights advocates gather in Buenos Aires on Dec. 29. The bill had the backing of Argentina’s ruling party. (Martin Villar/Reuters)
Abortion rights advocates gather in Buenos Aires on Dec. 29. The bill had the backing of Argentina’s ruling party. (Martin Villar/Reuters)
An antiabortion demonstrator protests in Buenos Aires as the Senate debates the bill. (Martin Villar/Reuters)
An antiabortion demonstrator protests in Buenos Aires as the Senate debates the bill. (Martin Villar/Reuters)
Abortion rights advocates wait for the Senate vote. (Flor Guzzetti/Reuters)
Abortion rights advocates wait for the Senate vote. (Flor Guzzetti/Reuters)
Nuns in Buenos Aires protest the decriminalization of abortion as lawmakers debate its legalization. (Marcos Brindicci/AP)
Nuns in Buenos Aires protest the decriminalization of abortion as lawmakers debate its legalization. (Marcos Brindicci/AP)
Demonstrators attend an antiabortion rally on Dec. 30. (Martin Villar/Reuters)
Demonstrators attend an antiabortion rally on Dec. 30. (Martin Villar/Reuters)
Abortion rights advocates react as the Senate debates the bill. (Matias Baglietto/Reuters)
Abortion rights advocates react as the Senate debates the bill. (Matias Baglietto/Reuters)
Antiabortion activists pray during a demonstration in Buenos Aires. (Marcos Brindicci/AP)
Antiabortion activists pray during a demonstration in Buenos Aires. (Marcos Brindicci/AP)
Abortion rights advocates celebrate in Buenos Aires after the Senate passed the bill. (Flor Guzzetti/Reuters)
Abortion rights advocates celebrate in Buenos Aires after the Senate passed the bill. (Flor Guzzetti/Reuters)
Antiabortion activists leave pushing a giant mock baby after the Senate passed the bill. (Marcos Brindicci/AP)
Antiabortion activists leave pushing a giant mock baby after the Senate passed the bill. (Marcos Brindicci/AP)
An abortion rights advocate weeps after the Senate vote. (Ricardo Ceppi/Getty Images)
An abortion rights advocate weeps after the Senate vote. (Ricardo Ceppi/Getty Images)
Antiabortion demonstrators in Buenos Aires react after the bill’s passage. (Martin Villar/Reuters)
Antiabortion demonstrators in Buenos Aires react after the bill’s passage. (Martin Villar/Reuters)
Abortion rights advocates watch a live stream of lawmakers in session outside the National Congress Building in Buenos Aires. (Natacha Pisarenko/AP)
Abortion rights advocates watch a live stream of lawmakers in session outside the National Congress Building in Buenos Aires. (Natacha Pisarenko/AP)

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